RADIO FOR TEENAGERS - M&M FM

About us | Background | Free Radio in Poland | Gallery | Technology | Contact

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ABOUT US

Radio For Teenagers - M&M FM - was broadcasting for its listeners for over 8 years between 1994 and 2002 from Slupsk, in Northern Poland. It was one of the first pirate radios in our region. Throughout the years hundreds of listeners participated in our parties and undertakings - both on the air and on the ground (e.g. during radio parties and charity actions). The radio was founded by Wojtek who, then 14, had a knack for radioelectronics and constructed the first transmitter. Due to its unique character, the radio was always one of the most popular stations in the region. Since the beginning of its existence, M&M FM radio saw more than a dozen DJs and presenters on the air and hundreds or even thousands of listeners (confirmed by hundreds of letters sent to the radio). As for the staff (but for Wojtek) two more persons were deeply involved in the creation of the station, namely DJ Dzaba and Zmijka (Viper)- the first female DJ in pirate radio in Poland. As was mentioned above, our radio organised charity actions (for poor children in the town) of which we are most proud.

You can listen to our jingles in the 'Audio' section. Acquaint yourself with our charity action in the 'PDU' section (in Polish only). Our logo is here.

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BACKGROUND

The radio was founded in 1994 and its first broadcast was on 8 January the same year. The transmitter was constructed by Wojtek (the founder) himself. At the beginning all the music and jingles were compiled and mixed by him. Later good friends such as DJ Crazy Boy, Fryderyk, DJ Dzaba got into action and helped a lot. The range of the first transmitters were small and at best amounted to 1 kilometre. Later, new transmitters (some built by Wojtek, some bought :) brought the range up to 20 kilometres between the years 1999 and 2001. The radio broadcast different genres of music ranging from dance music and techno to rap and reggae.

The idea of a founding a free radio station came from Wojtek who had always dreamt about setting up his own station. Moreover, a knack for electronics and helpful friends made the idea possible. "It also depends on your listeners and their attitude towards your station" - says Wojtek. "We may now say that the radio was growing up with their listeners. Young as we were, the radio had different character and 'this something', for which, we suppose, our listeners liked us".

We began a constant contacts with our listeners in 1995 when we both increased the range of our radio, set up a mailing address and used a CB-RADIO to talk to our listeners. Year in year we added novelties to the  technical side of the radio: from a stereo encoder in 1995, new transmitters in 1995, 1997, 1998  and 1999 and an RDS encoder in 2001, to new audio equipment and new computers.

Regardless of how radio pirates are deemed by telecommunications authorities, they very often do more good than damage. From a time perspective of more than 10 years now (2005) we deem ourselves as unique pirates after all. We were for the listeners and never against anyone (maybe with the exception of other pirates who violated a sort  of 'pirate radio etiquette'). Moreover, in 1996 we started a charity action - the aim being to help poor children by giving them presents and sweets for Christmas and Children's Day. We achieved a full success as there were 10 editions of the action and more than 300 children were constantly getting presents from us.

Despite a great potential, the radio had to cancel its broadcasts as DJs were becoming more and more occupied by their professional work. We still hope to come back one day...

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FREE/PIRATE RADIO IN POLAND

Slupsk is deemed to be the capital of the pirate radio in Poland. Between 1993 and 2001 there were more than a dozen pirate radio stations broadcasting in the area (sometimes up to 5 -6 at a time). However, the idea of a pirate, or free broadcasting was born in Poland in the 1980s when Poland still struggled with communism. Radio Free Europe was the 'seed' that started free radio initiatives in Poland. Of course, the reality was different and one could be jailed for many years for anti-communist approach on the air (and in fact for the attitude as such). Young people nowadays seek freedom, yet the spirit and aims are not and will not be the same.

Pirate radio stations emerge despite the strong counter-attack on the part of telecommunication authorities. Surprisingly, there are more pirate radio stations in the areas were such authorities reside. Therefore, it's worth mentioning that beside Slupsk, also Bielsko Biala, Cracow (Krakow) and Warsaw deserve the title of radio piracy leadership.

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GALLERY

You can find lots of images in the Polish section called 'Galeria'. We invite you to view the images as you can find many interesting photos not only connected with the everyday operation of our station but also from parties organised by our radio. We also encourage you to look up the 'PDU' section as it summarises our charity action (in Polish only) and provides photos from the undertakings.

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TECHNOLOGY

As was mentioned above, our radio sort of grew together with our listeners. At the beginning there was only a small, self-made transmitter (range R=300m), a walkman, poor microphone and a sort of microphone booster. Then in 1995 a new transmitter came into action (R=2,5km) and a crystal-stabilised stereo encoder was employed with some improvements on the audio side including a new mixing table and a brand-new hi-fi equipment- JVC MX-C7. At the same time President Harry CB transceiver was used in order to enable our listeners to chat on the air. Later improvements included new transmitters (range up to 20km) both for the old 'eastern' standard (frequencies 65,9 MHz - 74MHz) and new 'western' standard (frequencies 87,5MHz - 108MHz), audio equipment (new CD players and MiniDisc Players as well as computers) and an RDS encoder. The latest  (2001-2002) configuration found in the studio was as follows:

Transmitter: a 3-step FM transmitter f= 87,6 MHz; exciter on a Russian transistor KT 922W - up to 15W;

Antenna: a closed dipole (directionality ensured :)

Range: up to 8km (due to poor antenna localisation);

Stereo encoder (made by Zmijka- our female DJ :);

RDS encoder (made by Wojtek);

Mixing table (made by Wojtek);

Hi-Fi system - JVC MX-C7

Broadcasting computer Pentium III 500MHz 64 (later 256) MB RAM; HDD 17 + 3,2GB (later 40GB); sound card Sound Blaster 128 PCI;

RDS control computer: 486 DX2 66MHz; 200MB HDD, 32MB RAM;

Microphone: stereo (Tonsil brand);

Radio-CD-MC set - CD - AZ 8052;

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CONTACT

Any ideas / comments? Want to contact us? We'd be pleased to receive an e-mail from you. We'll do our best to reply to all the incoming mails.

The address is here --> mmfm@poczta.onet.pl

Feel free to express yourself! It's been the advantage of our radio :)

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